If you’re like us, you may find yourself utterly fascinated by whales. They’re the biggest animals in the world, weighing up to 200 tons, and they live up to 90 years. Their heads alone can be up to one-quarter of their total body size. This is why whales are known as the gentle giants of the sea. While you may think you know all there is to know about whales, there are some fascinating things you probably didn’t know.
The world’s largest mammals are also some of the most mysterious creatures of the sea. These 5 facts about whales are sure to get you excited about these massive sea creatures.
1. Humpback whales communicate with sounds
Whales are the largest animals in the sea and they come in all shapes and sizes. But did you know that they are also the loudest? Not only do they make a variety of clicks, whistles and moans, but humpback whales also sing! These melodic songs can last for hours and can be heard up to 20 miles away. Scientists still aren’t sure why whales sing, but they think it could be for mating, navigation or communication.
2. Whales cannot breathe while they’re sleeping
Believe it or not, whales cannot breathe while they’re sleeping. This is because they sleep with one side of their brain at a time. As one side of the brain rests, the whale will surface to the water’s surface to breathe. The other side of the brain stays alert to ensure that the whale stays safe while it’s sleeping. It’s an incredible process that allows these giant creatures to get the rest they need.
3. Whales are not fish, but mammals
Whales are not fish. They are mammals, which means they breathe air, nurse their young and have body hair. In fact, they are the largest mammals on earth! This means they have some pretty unique adaptations, like being able to hold their breath for a very long time. Some whales can even dive more than a kilometer deep! They also have a layer of thick blubber (a type of fat) that helps them stay warm in cold water and provides energy when food is scarce.
4. Whales can stay submerged for up to an hour
When it comes to whales, there are certainly some impressive stats. For one, they can stay submerged for up to an hour! This means they can travel long distances underwater and cover a lot of ground. Additionally, whales are some of the biggest mammals on the planet. The largest whales can weigh up to 200,000 pounds and be up to 100 feet long. That’s more than twice the size of an elephant! Despite their size, whales are incredibly graceful and can move through the water with ease. Their tails provide powerful strokes that help them reach high speeds, and their lungs are incredibly large, allowing them to hold their breath for a long time.
5. Whales are some of the largest creatures in the world
Whales are some of the largest creatures on Earth. The blue whale, the largest of them all, can weigh up to 200,000 pounds and reach a length of up to 100 feet. They’re also some of the longest-living animals, with a lifespan of up to 200 years. Despite their size, whales are gentle and curious creatures. They’re often spotted near the surface of the water, and you can often see their tails and fins sticking out of the water.
Since whales are some of the largest creatures in the world, their sheer size is often enough to make us wonder about them. There are plenty of things we don’t know yet about these fascinating aquatic mammals – but thanks to modern technology and the efforts of researchers around the globe, more information is being uncovered all the time.